Johann Olav Koss is a former Norwegian speed skater, who was the dominant long-distance skater of the 1990s. At the 1994 Winter Olympics, Koss set three world records on his way to winning three gold medals in Hamar, Norway. The highlight of Koss’s career was when he won the 10,000-metre event in the Winter Olympics in February 1994. After the 1994 Games, Koss retired from competition and pursued a career in medicine. He was elected to the International Olympic Committee in 1999.